St. Kaufmann
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Stefan Kaufmann


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My main research interests lie in the area of semantics, pragmatics, and computational linguistics. The overarching goals are (i) to deepen our understanding of the interactions between different semantic dimensions, such as modality and temporality; (ii) to enhance the empirical base of semantic and pragmatic theory through cross-linguistic comparisons and experimental studies; and (iii) to integrate and contribute to methodological advances and empirical findings in neighboring disciplines. Within the general area of meaning, I pursue a number of sub-projects on topics which can be broadly classified into three categories:

Modality and the semantics/pragmatics interface

Modality and temporality

Selected publications:

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2017. The Limit Assumption. Semantics & Pragmatics, early access.

Kaufmann, Magdalena and Stefan Kaufmann. 2017. Stativity and Progressive: The Case of Japanese tokoro-da. In Truswell, Robert, Chris Cummings, Caroline Heycock, Brian Rabern, and Hannah Rohde (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, UK.

Kaufmann, Magdalena and Stefan Kaufmann. 2016. Modality and mood in formal semantics. In Nuyts, Jan and Johan van der Auwera, editors, The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood, Chapter 23, pages 535-558. Oxford University Press.

Cariani, Fabrizio, Stefan Kaufmann, and Magdalena Kaufmann. 2013. Deliberative modality under epistemic uncertainty. Linguistics and Philosophy 36:225-259.

Kaufmann, Stefan and Misa Miyachi. 2011.On the Temporal Interpretation of Japanese Temporal Clauses. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 20:33-76.

Kaufmann, Stefan and Magdalena Schwager. 2011. A uniform analysis of conditional imperatives. In Cormany, Ed and Satoshi Ito (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 19'), pages 223-238. Columbus, OH, April 2009.

Arita, Setsuko and Stefan Kaufmann. 2009. The Japanese unconditional operator doose. In Proceedings of the Tenth Symposium on Logic and Language (LoLa 10), pages 89-97. Balatonszemes, Hungary.

Kaufmann, Stefan and Yukinori Takubo. 2005. Non-veridical uses of Japanese expressions of temporal precedence. In McGloin, Naomi H. and Junko Mori (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference in Japanese/Korean Linguistics (JK 15), pages 358-369. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.

Kaufmann, Stefan, Cleo Condoravdi, and Valentina Harizanov. 2006. Formal approaches to modality. In Frawley, William, editor, The Expression of Modality, pages 71-106. Mouton de Gruyter.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2000. Dynamic context management. In Faller, Martina, Stefan Kaufmann, and Marc Pauly (eds.), Formalizing the Dynamics of Information, pages 171-188. CSLI Publications, Stanford, CA.


Modality as a Window on Cognition, Workshop held at the 19th International Congress of Linguists in Geneva, Switzerland, July 22-23, 2013. Co-organized with Magdalena Kaufmann (University of Connecticu) and Yukinori Takubo (Kyoto University).

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Context and discourse particles

Selected Publications:

Kaufmann, Stefan. In preparation. Strong and weak presupposition: German ja under quantifiers.

Kaufmann, Magdalena and Stefan Kaufmann. 2012. Epistemic particles and performativity. To apper in Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 22. Chicago, IL, May 2012.

Berends, Matthew and Stefan Kaufmann. 2009. Only and monotonicity in conditionals. In Riester, Arndt and Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 13, pages 63-76, University of Stuttgart, Germany.

Kim, Min-Joo and Stefan Kaufmann. 2006. Domain restriction in freedom of choice: A view from Korean indet+na items. In Puig-Waldmüller (ed.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 11, pages 375-389, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.

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Inference and intonation

Selected Publications:

Rohde, Hannah, Scott Seyfarth, Brady Clark, Gerhard Jäger, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2012. Communicating with Cost-based Implicature: A Game-Theoretic Approach to Ambiguity. In Brown-Schmidt, Sarah, Jonathan Ginzburg, and Staffan Larsson (eds.), Proceedings of the 16th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue (SEINEDIAL), pages 107-116. Paris, France, September 2012.

German, James B., Eyal Sagi, Stefan Kaufmann, and Brady Clark. 2011. The role of speaker beliefs in determining accent placement. In Benz, Anton, Christian Ebert, Gerhard Jäger, and Robert van Rooij, editors, Language, Games, and Evolution, pages 92-116. Springer.

Djalali, Alex and Stefan Kaufmann. 2009. Probabilistic inferences in dynamic semantics. In Proceedings of the Tenth Symposium on Logic and Language (LoLa 10), pages 99-107. Balatonszemes, Hungary.

German, James B., Janet Pierrehumbert, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2006. Evidence for phonological constraints on nuclear accent placement. Language 82:151-168.

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Linguistic form and semantic theory

Selected publications:

Mizuno, Teruyuki and Stefan Kaufmann. 2018. Past-as-Past in Japanese counterfactuals. 54th Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society.

Kaufmann, Magdalena and Stefan Kaufmann. 2015. Conditionals and modality. In Lappin, Shalom and Chris Fox, editors, The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory, 2nd edition, Chapter 8, pages 237-270. John Wiley & Sons.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2013. Causal Premise Semantics. Cognitive Science 37:1136-1170.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2005. Conditional truth and future reference. Journal of Semantics 22:231-280.

Kanazawa, Makoto, Stefan Kaufmann, and Stanley Peters. 2005. On the lumping semantics of counterfactuals. Journal of Semantics 22:129-151.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2005. Conditionals. In Brown, Keith, editor-in-chief, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, Volume 3, pages 6-9. Elsevier.

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Probability and causality

Selected publications:

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2017. Towards a probabilistic analysis for conditionals and unconditionals. In Otake, Mihoko, Setsuya Kurahashi, Ken Satoh, and Dakisuke Bekki, editors, New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, Volume 10091 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 3-14. Springer.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2017. Probabilistic Semantics and Pragmatics for the Language of Uncertainty. In Ferraro, Maria Brigida, Paolo Giordani, Barbara Vataggi, Marek Gagolewski, María Ángeles Gil, Przemysław Grzegorzewski, and Olgierd Hryniewicz (eds.), Soft Methods for Data Science, vol. 456 of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer, pages 285-291.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2015. Conditionals, conditional probabilities, and conditionalization. In Schmitz, Hans-Christian and Henk Zeevat, editors, Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics, pages 71-94. Springer.

Dehghani, Morteza, Rumen Iliev, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2012. Causal explanation and fact mutability in counterfactual reasoning. Mind & Language 27(1):55-85.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2009. Conditionals right and left: Probabilities for the whole family. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38(1):1-53.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2005. Conditionals predictions: A probabilistic account. Linguistics and Philosophy 28:181-231.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2004. Conditioning against the grain: Abduction and indicative conditionals. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33:583-606.

Kaufmann, Stefan, Erica Winston, and Deborah Zutty. 2004. Local and global interpretations of conditionals. Eighth Symposium on Logic and Language (LOLA 8), Debrecen, Hungary.

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Data-driven approaches to meaning

Selected publications:

Sagi, Eyal, Daniel Diermeier, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2013. Identifying issue frames in text. PloS One 8(7):e69185.

Sagi, Eyal, Stefan Kaufmann, and Brady Clark. 2011. Tracing semantic change with Latent Semantic Analysis. In Allen, Kathryn and Justyna Robinson (eds.), Current Methods in Historical Semantics, pages 161-183. De Gruyter Mouton.

Diermeier, Daniel, Jean-François Godbout, Bei Yu, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2011. Language and Ideology in Congress. British Journal of Political Science 42(1):31-55.

Yu, Bei, Daniel Diermeier, and Stefan Kaufmann. 2008. Classifying party affiliation from political speech. Journal of Information Technology in Politics 5:33-48.

Yu, Bei, Stefan Kaufmann, and Daniel Diermeier. 2008. Exploring the characteristics of opinion expressions for political opinion classification. Ninth Annual Internation Conference on Digital Government Research (dg.o 2008), Montreal, Canada.

Dam, Gregory and Stefan Kaufmann. 2007. Computer assessment of interview data using Latent Semantic Analysis. Behavior Research Methods 40(1):8-20.

Kaufmann, Stefan. 2000. Second-order cohesion. Computational Intelligence 16:511-524.

Takayama, Yasuhiro, Raymond Flournoy, and Stefan Kaufmann. 1998. Information Mapping: Concept-Based Information Retrieval Based on Word Associations. CSLI, Stanford University.

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Last modified: June 11, 2019